An Empirical Study on the Intra-Urban Goods Movement Patterns Using Logistics Big Data

2018/09/20

Journal:《International Journal of Geographical Information Science》

Cite as:Pengxiang Zhao, Xintao Liu, Wwenzhong Shi, Tao Jia, Wengen Li, Min Chen. 2018. An Empirical Study on the Intra-Urban Goods Movement Patterns Using Logistics Big Data. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 34(6):1089-1116.

Abstract:Movement patterns of intra-urban goods/things and the ways they differ from human mobility and traffic flow patterns have seldom been explored due to data access and methodological limitations, especially from systemic and long timescale perspectives. However, urban logistics big data are increasingly available, enabling unprecedented spatial and temporal resolutions to this issue. This research proposes an analytical framework for exploring intra-urban goods movement patterns by integrating spatial analysis, network analysis and spatial interaction analysis. Using daily urban logistics big data (over 10 million orders) provided by the largest online logistics company in Hong Kong (GoGoVan) from 2014 to 2016, we analyzed two spatial characteristics (displacement and direction) of urban goods movement. Results showed that the distribution of goods displaceFower law or exponential distribution of human mobility trends. The origin–destination flows of goods were used to build a spatially embedded network, revealing that Hong Kong became increasingly connected through intra-urban freight movement. Finally, spatial interaction characteristics were revealed using a fitting gravity model. Distance lacked substantial influence on the spatial interaction of goods movement. These findings have policy implications to intra-urban logistics and urban transport planning.